LEARNING: CHAPTER 6 ASSIGNMENT (20 points) (10 points)… LE

LEARNING: CHAPTER 6 ASSIGNMENT (20 points) (10 points)… LEARNING: CHAPTER 6 ASSIGNMENT (20 points)  (10 points) Instructions: Develop a “Key Terms” for the following Assignment by defining these terms: classical conditioningoperant conditioningobservational learningpositive reinforcementnegative reinforcementpunishmentunconditional stimulusunconditional responseconditioned stimulusconditioned response  (5 points) Instructions: For each situation below, indicate whether it is an example of :             a.         classical conditioning            b.         operant conditioning            c.         observational learning Susie is a four-year-old child. One day she watches her mother vacuum the living room. Her mother comments to Susie, “Doesn’t the living room look nice now that I’ve cleaned it?” The next day, her mother finds Susie “vacuuming” the living room with her toy vacuum.                 Answer: You are thinking of asking the teacher for an extension on your paper. Just as you are about to go up to the teacher, another student approaches the teacher with the same request. The teacher appears angry, and very loudly and rudely turns down the student’s request for an extension. You decide not to ask for an extension.      Answer: Until she was eight, Barbara liked cats. When she was eight, she was bitten through the hand by a cat as she tried to get it out from under a bed. This was an upsetting experience. Since that time, Barbara experiences anxiety whenever she is near a cat. Answer: Alison, age four, needs to learn to speak up louder in class. Her parents and teacher agree that whenever Alison speaks up loudly in class, she will get a star on her chart. Whenever she accumulates 25 stars, she will get to go to Baskin-Robbins for ice cream. Alison starts speaking up in class more frequently.       Answer: Tom is hammering nails into planks to build a fence. He experiments withholding the nail a different way and immediately hits his thumb with the hammer. OUCH!  He continues his work, but he never holds the nail that way again.     Answer:(5 points) Instructions: In the following examples, identify which element is being used to control behavior:            a.         positive reinforcement            b.         negative reinforcement            c.         punishment       6.         The smoke detector in Jesse’s house is low on batteries. It emits an annoying chirp every few seconds. Jesse installs a new battery so it will stop making that noise.      Answer:  7.         Dr. Smith, a Doe College instructor, is having difficulty getting students to turn in papers. Previously, he had not assigned credit for homework; rather, he had simply assumed that students would do it for the practice. Dr. Smith establishes a policy that all students who turn in papers will get full credit for their work. Students now turn in papers much more often.      Answer:  8.         Jeff is playing with his food at the dinner table. His mother tells him to stop playing with his food. When he does not stop, she takes his food away, leaving Jeff hungry all night. Jeff never plays with his food again.      Answer:  9.         Jeff is playing with his food at the dinner table while his parents are trying to carry on an adult conversation. When his mother notices what Jeff is doing, she stops talking with her husband and directs her attention to Jeff. She yells at him to stop playing with his food, and says that playing with his food is a horrible and disgusting habit. Jeff plays with his food again several times during that meal, and even more frequently the next night.      Answer:  10.       Jeff is diligently working on an art project at school. His teacher notices how nicely he is working and praises him loudly for his efforts. Jeff immediately seems less interested in working on his project. The teacher praises the little bits he completes as time goes on, and Jeff stops working on the art project entirely.      Answer:Health Science Science Nursing PSYC 343

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