Information: I’m going to this course in Sweden that is name

Information: I’m going to this course in Sweden that is named (vrd… Information:I’m going to this course in Sweden that is named (vård och omsorg specialisering) and in English (care and nursing specialist) and I need help with the s that are at the bottom of this page. all the text above is from the same course but from Assignment 1 and theon the bottom is about the text above. Assignment 1  1In this course, you have the task of immersing yourself in some areas linked to any diagnosis or disability. When you choose a diagnosis / disability, you start with the advanced course * that you have read to take advantage of the experience that you have gained during Apl and previous studies. * Elderly health and quality of life, Psychiatry 2, Special education 2, Emergency care or Child and adolescent care Begin your work by creating a case description / personal story based on the activities in which you have experience and knowledge (emergency care, psychiatry, elderly health, the area of ??disability). What should be included in your description is the following:   Name of the person Age       Life situationThe activity that the person is cared for / is in / supportsDiagnosis / disability the person has Name of the person: Eva TorstenssonAge: 79 years ·old                                                                 Life situation Eva Torstensson, a 70-year-old woman who walks with the help of a walker, quickly switches between alert and tired and has difficulty deciding when to ask for help. The fact that the resident gets tired so quickly is due to a chronic pain in the knee, which results in her ability to walk relatively unstable. She is also deaf in one ear and has a hearing aid in the other, and she has very poor eyesight due to glaucoma and cataracts. She also has poor oral hygiene, which affects her appetite and her ability to eat food, which contributes to weight loss. Eva prefers to be alone most of the time. When it comes to sleep, she does well at night, but when it comes to activities, she prefers to keep to herself. Since she does not seem to be particularly involved in her surroundings, it is difficult to have a conversation with her because she has limited hearing and wants to spend most of the time alone. But if you help her by encouraging her and giving her some help on the side, she can perform various activities both physically and mentally. The business that the person is in:Nursing home. Diagnosis / disability the person has:Impaired walking ability r.t. pain in the knees due to. knee osteoarthritisHearing loss r.t. deaf in one earImpaired vision r.t. glaucoma and cataractsDecreased appetite r.t. impaired oral status  2Now you must select 3 areas that you want to immerse yourself in and that you must connect to the care and welfare recipient that you described in1. You can choose one of the following specialization areas (see below), but you can also choose freely. The important thing is that the areas you choose can be linked to your care recipient and her situationCommunicationDocumentationPainSleepNutritionRehabilitationHabilitationPedagogical approach – “A teaching situation”An activity adapted to “my” care recipientAesthetics – The impact of the environment on the individualAids                                                                  Pain Pain is one of the major factors that prevent a person from performing various chores in everyday life. In Eva’s situation, she can walk with the help of a walker, but it varies between alert and tired due to her chronic knee pain, which reduces her ability to walk. Eva can manage on her own as long as she does not have a sore knee and gets tired, which leads to her walking ability becoming insecure and can lead to falls.What you have to keep in mind related to Eva’s situation is that she is relieved enough pain that she can perform various tasks in everyday life and does not get so very tired. This can be done by the nurse in charge assessing her pain condition and contacting a doctor so that she can be prescribed medication so that she is sufficiently relieved of pain and in this way you can reduce the risk of falls and this can also affect her appetite, as high pain in the body can lead to decreased appetite.All people need rest, sleep and food to recover and relieve fatigue and for all the organs of the body to function.                                                                   NutritionThe oral cavity is something that is often forgotten in healthcare, but is one of the most important aspects of general health and well-being. It is difficult for people with impaired function or weakness to brush their teeth properly and maintain good oral hygiene. At the nursing home, Eva Torstensson’s hunger has decreased and she does not get enough nutrition, which means that she loses weight.It is difficult to promote and prevent Eva’s nutritional status because everyone is different, and therefore it is important that the efforts are adapted to each person as far as possible. The care staff can take a number of different measures, including good treatment, participation, environmental adaptation, company and mental and physical activities.You can also make the food a little more appealing and serve it in an environment that is pleasant for the resident. As a staff member, you should find out the reason why the resident’s condition is not good and why she does not eat so well. You have to take the time and be patient and find out the situation to Eva’s poor appetite and help her. When it comes to Eva’s oral health, the healthcare staff is not good at taking care of it, which leads to reduced appetite and poor oral hygiene.Then you as a staff can individually adapt the diet to prevent and cure malnutrition, e.g. by providing support when eating and obtaining a specially developed diet for the resident. If a person is malnourished, it is important that he or she brings food that he or she likes, as the taste experience decreases as one gets older and it is necessary to take into account the taste. Nobody wants food that does not taste good, so you should add a little taste so that the resident eats.Sometimes residents may forget to brush their teeth in some places, and good oral health is important. Therefore, it is important that the dentist regularly checks the oral health and asks the resident to let them know if there are any problems so that they can get help as quickly as possible to prevent caries and other diseases of the oral cavity. The resident has dry mouth, which increases the risk of fungal infections, and there is also a risk of delayed healing in the mouth, which leads to low energy intake.It is important that all healthcare staff are aware of the importance of oral health and counteract its diseases, after which it is the nurse’s responsibility to regularly monitor and document patients’ dental status.                                                         RehabilitationA physically active lifestyle, cardio and dynamic strength training have been shown in studies to improve both pain and physical function in osteoarthritis. If we think about Eva’s situation, she suffers from osteoarthritis in the knees and there is no cure for the disease but continued training and therapy, such as knee pads, shoes, injections, surgeries, etc.To minimize the problem of osteoarthritis and improve knee function, Eva can improve her activity level by reducing inactivity and starting to participate in activities with a physiotherapist.Eva can reduce osteoarthritis and improve the functionality of the knee through a physically active lifestyle and physiotherapy (physiotherapy). Although the physical activity does not have to be intense or long-lasting, the physiotherapist can develop an individual program together with Eva. The most important thing to remember is that all forms of physical activity are preferable to none, and in osteoarthritis you should engage in activities that build muscle strength in the body, as increased muscle weakness leads to osteoarthritis.Self-care is important in the treatment of osteoarthritis, which is a long-term disease that can not be cured. Since every chronic illness requires continuous training, it must be integrated into everyday life as much as possible. When it comes to her mobility, Eva can use various aids, e.g. knee pads, when she goes and trains at home. It is enough to do cardio three to four times a week for 30 minutes, as well as to use the exercise bike.When it comes to physical activities, it is very important for her and it is the physiotherapist’s task to take action for her. Because she has little energy and needs a lot to do, she needs many activities. It does not have to be a sports activity, it is enough to walk around the department once or twice a week. And strenuous activities can be done with the physiotherapist a couple of times a week, and physical activities are offered in the accommodation together with the physiotherapist every week. Nursing staff should encourage residents to participate in as many activities as possible, including joint activities on the ward. The occupational therapist should offer Eva activities that she enjoys and help her perform them on her own because she likes to be alone. The staff can discover more things to do for Eva if they ask about her interests. This leads to her becoming more involved in her own activities.Comment from teacher:Good choice of areas and motivation! Here you can actually say that most areas fit in and maybe it would have been good to immerse yourself in. You have selected relevant and important areas to immerse yourself in and it will be interesting to follow you in these and how you connect them to Eva .  3 A. Which areas of specialization have you chosen and why? B. Make an account of the three areas you have chosen and describe what they mean in the care and nursing work C. How do you and your colleagues in the business (emergency care, psychiatry, elderly health or the area of ??disability) work with your chosen areas of specialization in daily work? D. How could you deepen your knowledge even more in terms of your chosen areas? E. Which laws and governing documents govern the areas of specialization you have chosen? Answer:a)  PainRehabilitationNutritionI have chosen these topics because they are relevant to my case and because they are important concepts in geriatric care. b)                                                         Pain Pain is a symptom of a variety of diseases and an indicator that something is wrong with the body. Pain is always a subjective experience, and it is impossible to compare it between people because each person experiences pain in different ways. However, there is a scale for pain intensity that care staff in care use to assess residents’ discomfort, the VAS scale, which ranges from 0 to 10, where 0 stands for no pain and 10 for high pain.There are many different forms of pain, and it is uncommon for psychological problems to be the only cause. The pain can get worse if you are in a tough life situation and are depressed, as is the case with physical pain, for example when a loved one dies or when you are depressed.You can reduce the risk of pain later in life by improving your health by exercising, starting to exercise and eating a healthy diet. b)                                                           NutritionProviding nutritious healthy food is an important safety issue in health and care, as nutritious meals aim to create the conditions for long-term good health and reduce the risk of lifestyle-related diseases such as diabetes and heart disease, which are common among older people. Since most elderly people lose their appetite with age and need energy to cope with routine activities, energy and nutrition are important for these people to be able to stay healthy, avoid diseases and for medical treatment to give the best possible effect. To meet the requirement, the patient or resident must enjoy the food and eat it. As the appetite of the elderly and fragile sick people decreases over time, they can get nutritionally healthy food in smaller amounts to meet their energy and nutritional needs.                                                  Rehabilitation Rehabilitation is a term used to describe activities for people who have been injured later in life or who have developed an illness such as osteoarthritis in Eva’s situation. However, the goal is the same: to make it possible for people with disabilities to have as normal, active and independent a lifestyle as possible. This can be achieved through frequent training with the help of a physiotherapist, where you train fitness, strength and muscle exercises to reduce the risk of disease later in life. c) We all work in a team of Nursing Assistants / Assistant Nurses, Occupational Therapists, Nurses and it is often the Nurse who has contact with the doctor and possibly a dietitian to help residents avoid and relieve pain. Our goal is to prevent and treat suffering by offering various forms of help, e.g. aids or nutrition so that they do not lose weight, etc. The nurse in the nursing home is responsible for nursing, which includes detecting and assessing the risk of malnutrition or other problems with meal intake, as well as documenting and monitoring the nutritional status in the nursing record. The Nursing Assistants / Assistant Nurses usually take care of the nursing home, but can in some cases use BMI to assess malnutrition, ask s about involuntary weight loss and any difficulties in eating. The doctor has the overall medical responsibility and decides within this framework whether the involuntary weight loss is caused by medical reasons that require investigation or can be reversed with special medical treatment. A dietitian is a professionally trained person in health care who is responsible for nutrition, investigation of nutrition problems and prescription, follow-up and evaluation. If the prescription of enteral or parenteral nutrition is relevant, this is done in collaboration with a doctor and nurse. When caring for residents who need supportive treatment or activity, the physiotherapist is an important resource. d) There are many more points or concepts that I could explore in my chosen field. To gain more experience in healthcare, for example by participating in training on relocation, malnutrition, pressure ulcers and so on. This would give me a lot of knowledge and experience that I can utilize directly. e) All care personnel must comply with the Swedish Health Care Act. The Health Care Act, the Patient Act and the Dental Care Act are the most important laws when it comes to specialization areas. Other laws on, among other things, confidentiality and patient safety promise that all patients will receive high-quality care. When you visit a doctor or nurse, you should feel safe and secure. You should have influence over your treatment options and be able to choose your own care. Healthcare professionals should treat you with respect and ensure that you receive information about everything that concerns you.                                                     Assignment 2  1 Instruction for assignments 2 and 3 In this assignment and the next one, you will work actively with the specialization areas you chose in assignment 1. The purpose is to connect these three areas to your care and care recipient and describe what needs the person has in relation to these and what efforts / measures can needed. To help you, you can do interview with an assistant nurse (or nurse) who works in your chosen area of ??activity, this is not mandatory. The purpose of the interview is for you to get help to get an overall picture of the care and care recipient’s situation and how the business works with the specific areas of specialization that you have chosen. You will also get to work more with technology and how it can be used in your chosen specialization areas. Technology is becoming increasingly important in health and care and it is an exciting area to enter, as development is rapid. In today’s care and nursing work, a lot of technology is used to both physically perform a task and to be able to have communication e.g. over the phone. Now you will work in more depth with your care and welfare recipients and your chosen areas. In this part, you will describe what your care and care recipient’s situation looks like and what needs they have when it comes to your chosen areas. You must also describe what efforts / support your care and welfare recipient needs and how you can meet the person’s needs. Think from a holistic perspective: physical, mental, social, cultural and spiritual needs. A. Describe the needs of your healthcare provider. Focus on the needs that are connected to your three areas of specialization. B. Describe what efforts / support are needed for the person to have their needs met C. How can your chosen areas of specialization contribute to increasing your caregiver’s quality of life and make her everyday life easier?   Health Science Science Nursing NUR 123A

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