Hello, Tutor would please help me to answer those s,… He
Hello, Tutor would please help me to answer those s,… Hello, Tutor would please help me to answer those s, please. What is the purpose of this text?What is the context of this text?Who is the target audience of this text?Claims:-What major claims were made to support thegiven technology?-Were the claims made appropriate/relevant forthe audience, context, and purpose of thetext?-Are there any other claims that could havebeen made in support of the topic/purpose?Evidence:-What types of evidence were used to supportthe text’s claims (e.g., facts/stats, analogy,anecdotes, etc.)?-Were the types of evidence used effective orappropriate for the purpose and audience ofthe text? Why or why not?-Was there use of any “irrelevant” types ofevidence (e.g., logical fallacies, propaganda)?If so, why might they have been included?-Did the types of evidence strengthen orweaken the text? Explain.Bias:-Was there evidence of implicit and/or explicitbias in the text? How do you know?-How did the bias affect the text’s overallargument?__________________Reference__________________________________________________________________Harmonizing nurse education with U.S. hurts Canada’s edgeADRIANA BARTONPUBLISHED MAY 12, 2016https://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/health-and-fitness/health/harmonizing-nurse-education-with-us-puts-canadas-edge-at-risk-association/article29989938/A push to “harmonize” nursing education in Canada and the United States may threaten Canada’shigh standards in nurse training, according to a spokesperson for the Canadian Association ofSchools of Nursing. In a report released in March, Canadian nursing schools outperformed theirU.S. counterparts in the QS World University Rankings published by Quacquarelli Symonds, aBritish company specializing in education and study abroad.The University of Toronto’s Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing placed third in theworld, after the University of Pennsylvania in first place, followed by Johns Hopkins Universityin Baltimore, Md. Relative to the number of institutions assessed on either side of the border,however, Canada had a greater proportion of nursing schools in the Top 50 list.But Canada could lose that edge if Canadian regulators go ahead with a plan to bridge thedifferences in standards between the two countries, said Cynthia Baker, executive director of theCanadian Association of Schools of Nursing. “Canadian nursing education is highly respectedinternationally and we should not be changing that to fit the needs of the U.S.,” Baker said.News of the plan to harmonize nursing education came in an article published in the springedition of an online quarterly journal called Leader to Leader. The plan is part of a broaderstrategy to increase mobility among nursing graduates, according to a statement in the journalfrom a Canada-U.S. working group called the Harmonizing Education Regulatory Standards inNursing. “Nurses often practice across borders, either by physical movement, distance educationor telehealth,” said the article, which was taken offline Wednesday in response to criticism.”Global consistency with nursing education regulatory approval standards would be beneficialfor promoting more seamless mobility.”But according to Baker, Canada’s nursing graduates are already at a disadvantage because of thisstrategy. Two years ago, Canada adopted a mandatory test called the NCLEX, developed in theUnited States to license graduates to practice nursing. In Canada, nursing schools in mostprovinces and territories were ill-prepared for the American test, which includes s aboutcare management that do not apply here, Baker said. In 2015, the pass rate for Canadians writingthe test for the first time was 71 per cent. Among first-time francophone writers, the pass ratewas only 27 per cent, “because the [French] translation was such a disaster,” she said.Canadian regulators adopted the U.S. licensing test without consulting non-regulatory nursingorganizations in Canada. Canadian members of the harmonization team were drawn solely fromprovincial regulatory bodies, who are working with American partners without the knowledge ofCanadian nursing educators or other professional nursing groups in Canada, Baker said.Currently, Canadians (other than Quebeckers) must earn a bachelor of science in nursing topractice nursing in Canada, while Americans can practice with a BSN or an associate’s degree innursing or other diploma. Baker cited research evidence showing that a baccalaureate-preparednursing work force provides significantly better and safer health care. “We believe thisharmonization plan would have serious negative implications for health human resources and forthe Canadian health-care system,” Baker wrote in a letter to Canadian and American regulatorson Friday. Leader to Leader subsequently removed the article.Canada’s success in the QS World University Rankings for nursing is based on global surveys ofacademic reputation, perceptions of graduate employers, research citations and measures of theglobal impact of scholarly publications. The 2015 rankings were the first to include nursing as asubject.At the University of Toronto, researchers at the Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursinginclude internationally recognized leaders in postnatal depression and maternal mental health,patient decision-making in response to genetic testing for breast cancer, and monitoring of equityand access to health-care systems.”The research underpins the evidence-based-practice approach to helping students learn how todeliver care,” said Linda Johnston, dean of the Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing. Inaddition, students develop clinical expertise during placements at world-leading care facilitiessuch as Sick Kids and Mount Sinai Hospital, said Johnston, who was previously employed at theUniversity of Melbourne and Queen’s University in Belfast.Since research findings may not be appropriate for every patient, becoming a first-rate nurserequires a sound understanding of how to interpret the evidence in daily practice whileconsidering the patient and family’s decisions, Johnston said. “I’ve only been at the U of T fortwo years, but I am always astounded by the insights and critical thinking that our studentsdisplay.”Like Baker, Johnston expressed concern over the Canada-U.S. harmonization plan. “It may notmake sense,” she said, noting that the United States has “a completely different model of caredelivery.”An American-style system that licenses nurses to practice without requiring a university degreemay not foster the academic career pathways that have made Canada a world leader in nursingeducation, Johnston said. “Academics are getting older,” she pointed out. “Where is thesuccession planning?”She added that preparing Canadian nursing students to operate in a U.S. environment mayencourage them to move to the States for better career prospects. “That could lead to a nursingshortage [in Canada],” she said.Health Science Science Nursing NURS 102
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