For all patient education, write it out the way you would sa
For all patient education, write it out the way you would say it to… For all patient education, write it out the way you would say it to the patient, not a formal explanation like you would find in a book. DIURETICSWhere do each of these diuretics work?a.Loop: Thiazides: Potassium-sparing: b. List from strongest (most potent) to weakest: Your patient is in pulmonary edema. VS: RR 30, SpO2 88% on RA, BP 100/60. The patient presents with slight sternal retractions, frothy white sputum, nasal flaring, and respirations are labored and shallow.Which of the 3 classes of diuretics should the nurse anticipate administering and why? Which route would you anticipate giving, PO or IV? Na 138 K 3.0 BUN 28Creatinine 1.7 Your patient is due for their morning dose of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). When you check their labs, you see the following: Which labs are concerning to you as the nurse? (You may highlight or change the font color.) Based on your selection(s), identify the action(s) or intervention(s) the nurse should take for each concerning result. Identify the class of diuretic for Spironolactone. Is it potassium-wasting or potassium-sparing?Based on your response to (a): Name 2 important points of patient education based on your understanding of this medication’s effects. A patient is being prescribed furosemide (Lasix). Should they take it in the morning or at night? ANTILIPIDSProvide patient education on each of the following medications:Simvastatin:How it works:When to take it (timing, w/ wo food, etc.):What to avoid while on the medication:Name at least one contraindication (who should not take this medication):Ezetimibe:How it works:When to take it (timing, w/ wo food, etc.): What to avoid while on the medication: Name at least one common (not severe) side effect: When to notify the provider: ANTIHYPERTENSIVESHow would you teach a patient to take their radial pulse? Beta Blockers: “-olol” or “-alol”A patient has an order to receive atenolol 50 mg PO daily. VS: Radial pulse 66, BP 108/64. What should the nurse do next? Why? Identify 3 key side effects leading to non-compliance with this medication class. Provide patient education on when to notify the provider and discuss the importance of tapering this medication. ACE-Inhibitors: “-pril”Provide patient education on how this class of medications works. How will the patient identify the presence of angioedema (without using the word “angioedema”)? How will the nurse know the patient is experiencing renal failure and will need a different medication? ARB: “-sartan”Provide patient education on how this class of medications works. Why would a patient be prescribed this rather than an ACE-Inhibitor? Other than the BUN and creatine, which labs value do we need to monitor in a patient on this medication? Vasodilators/ Nitrates (Hinkle chart 27-3 may be helpful). Provide patient education on:How and when to take the medication: How to store this medication: When to call 911: A common side effect that can be treated with acetaminophen: What to look for if they are prescribed a nitrate and sildenafil: As the nurse, identify the following:Pre-assessment before administering SL nitroglycerin: How long before you need to reassess the patient: Post-administration assessment: Glycosides: DIGOXINIdentify the therapeutic blood level: Which electrolyte must be monitored with Digoxin? Why? Describe at least 3 signs of digoxin toxicity: What medication treats digoxin toxicity? Calcium Channel BlockersIdentify how this class of medications works: Provide patient education regarding two significant side effects: AntiarrhythmicsWhich medications can be used for atrial fibrillation? Which of those medications should not be used in a patient with Myasthenia Gravis? Which medication requires consistent sodium intake (and name the class)? Which medications can result in torsade de pointes? Which medication leads to pulmonary toxicity? Which medication is used to treat supraventricular tachycardia? Name 1 serious side effect: Which medication is used for symptomatic sinus bradycardia?Name 1 important side effect: Which medication is used to treat ventricular tachycardia?Health Science Science Nursing NUR 285
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