Case Study A 79-year-old Italian man, Emilio, makes an appoi

Case Study A 79-year-old Italian man, Emilio, makes an appointment… Case Study A 79-year-old Italian man, Emilio, makes an appointment to see his doctor when he notices that he is going to the bathroom more frequently. He reports that this is worse at night and is now interrupting his sleep as he feels he might be incontinent, but voids only small amounts of urine. Emilio’s doctor orders blood tests, his Urea & Electrolytes (U&E) and Full Blood Examination (FBE) are all within normal limits. The only abnormal result is the Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA), which is slightly elevated.  Emilio is referred onto a urologist. The urologist asks Emilio s about how often he experiences incomplete emptying, frequency, intermittency, urgency, weak stream, straining and nocturia.  He also performs a rectal examination, finding that Emilio had a moderately enlarged firm but smooth prostate. It was recommended that Emilio undergo a Laser Prostatectomy and Emilio has consented to this procedure.   Q1. Describe the anatomy and pathophysiology of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). anatomy path and changes that take place what is the prostate gland, what is the role of prostate gland and where it iswhat changes that place, hyperplasia, enlargement of the prostate gland compressing on the urethra due to the hormone imbalance, name the hormones. what are the risk factors  Q2. List the clinical manifestations of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) and explain why an elevatedProstate Specific Antigen (PSA) is relevant to Emilio’s condition?Frequency urgencyExplain why the clinical manifestation is happening  Q3. Emilio has consented to a Laser Prostatectomy.  What is this procedure and why is it preferred to a Surgical TransUrethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)? Explain what laser prostatectomy is and how it performed   Q4. Emilio was prescribed Ciprofloxacin, what are the actions, indications and contraindications of this drug? How often , how fast , side effects (do not give)KinectisDynamicsAbsorbtionDistrubationMetabolismExcreteion ACTION- what does the drug do in the bodyIndication – use of drug  Q5. Do you think Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a normal process that occurs with ageing?Why/Why not? what changes take place in the body.Hormonal imbalance due to aging leading to BHPWhy aging process affect BHPHealth Science Science Nursing NURSING HLTAAP001

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