Can I have a PowerPoint with a pictures description of this
Can I have a PowerPoint with a pictures description of this topic?… Can I have a PowerPoint with a pictures description of this topic? Disorder of the female reproductive systemOvaries, Inflammation, cyst, cancer Ovarian inflammation also known as the Pelvic inflammatory is a disease that is caused by unprotected sex even though about 15% of inflammatory infections are not spread through sexual means. Sex promotes bacteria entry into the reproductive system hence affecting organs. The inflammation can damage parts of the reproductive system such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the uterus. Inflation is painful and makes it hard to become pregnant. Risks of inflammation affect those who have sexually transmitted illnesses, those with many sexual partners, and younger persons who are below 25 years (Kisielewski, 2013). The disease can be prevented through having protected sex and having a single sexual partners. Nurses should advise the patients about further treatment when the antibiotics fail. Surgery is also an option for treating inflammation as the last alternative (Kristjánsdóttir, 2014).Ovarian cysts are of two major types including the corpus luteum cysts and the follicle cysts. Ovarian cysts are caused by hormonal imbalance, natural occurrences, endometriosis, pregnancy, and pelvic infections. In most cases, the cysts in the ovaries disappear on their own without any treatment. However, when a cyst fails to go away then a nurse may recommend surgical removal. The process is undertaken without affecting one’s fertility or ovaries (Kisielewski, 2013).Ovarian cancer is cancer that builds in the ovaries where the eggs are produced. Ovarian cancer is hard to detect because there are no readily evident symptoms felt until the last stages. Ovarian cancer’s actual cause is not yet known but there are risk factors identified with the disease. For instance, those in families with a history of this type of cancer have higher chances of suffering from it. People from Eastern Europe of the Jewish background have high chances of suffering from ovarian cancer. Those who have never been pregnant, people with endometriosis, and those with colorectal, uterine, and breast cancers. Also, older people are at high risk of suffering from ovarian cancer and those with Lynch syndrome. Prevention and treatment of ovarian cancer are aimed at removing as many cancer cells as possible from the body. The surgical process of removing cancer from the ovaries is done either through laparotomy or laparoscopy. In addition, healthcare nurses may recommend the use of chemotherapy before or after the process with regard to the extent of the disease. The caring nurse will always evaluate patient recovery through evaluating symptoms examinations through CT scans and imaging tests (Kisielewski, 2013).Pelvic floor displacement- uterine cystocele, rectocele, and prolapseUterine prolapse is a type of pelvic floor displacement which occurs when the ligaments and the pelvic floor muscles weaken and stretch and are unable to offer support to the uterus. This causes the uterus to protrude or to slip down from the vagina. Women of any age can be affected but mostly it affects postmenopausal women with more than one vagina delivery. The conditions are caused by the weakening of the supportive muscles and tissues. This weakening is due to pregnancy, large babies’ delivery, trauma during birth, difficult labor, obesity, lower levels of estrogen, and bronchitis among others. The illness can be prevented by treating and preventing constipation which is helped through taking plenty of fluids and taking foods rich in fiber such as vegetables, fruits, whole grain cereals, and beans. Cough control is also essential in preventing the condition hence getting treatment for bronchitis and chronic cough will help and also people are advised to stop smoking. Preventing weight gain is also a way of preventing the condition (Chung, 2018). Cystocele or the anterior prolapse is the weakness of the connective tissues that separate the vagina and the bladder which causes the bladder to enlarge into the vagina. This type of prolapse can take place during childbirth, during movements of violent coughing, chronic constipation, and when lifting heavyweights. The conditions are preventable and treatable. For moderate to mild prolapse, it is advisable to use nonsurgical methods but in more critical cases it may be necessary to use surgical methods. The surgical methods will aim at keeping the vagina and the pelvic organs in their rightful position. Risk factors for this condition include childbirth and pregnancy, aging, hysterectomy, genetics, and obesity. It is necessary to see a care provider when emptying of the bladder becomes a problem and which may cause bladder infections (Yuk, 2018). Rectocele or the posterior vaginal prolapse emerges as the weakening of the tissues that separate the vagina from the rectum and which may bring about bulging of the rectum into the vagina. This may pose challenges when it comes to bowel emptying. The condition is caused when there is prolonged pressure around the pelvic floor. The main risk factors of the condition include childbirth especially vaginal deliveries and pregnancy. Obesity, aging, chronic constipation, and bronchitis or chronic cough. Prevention and treatment of this condition will depend on the severity of the symptoms. For instance, the mild issues will only need some pelvic floor exercises and training of the bowel. For moderate and severe cases there is a need for more advanced treatment including the use of vaginal pessary where a device is inserted to support the vagina and also there is a need for minimally invasive surgery for some cases. The doctor or the attending nurse will recommend the most appropriate treatment method and repair for rectocele. This is because the ultimate goal is to strengthen the walls between the rectum and the vagina (Chung, 2018). Pelvic cavity: Pelvic inflammatory diseaseThe pelvic cavity is a space that is funnel-shaped and surrounded by the pelvic bones. It holds some organs such as the rectum, pelvic genitals, and urinary bladder among others. The pelvic inflammatory disease is transmitted when having sex with an infected person. The symptoms of the disease in women include vagina discharge, irregular vaginal bleeding, and lower abdomen pain. The diagnosis is made using secretions from the vagina and cervix and in other times ultrasonography is used. The inflammation can be the infection of the cervix, especially the lower narrow parts of the opening of the uterus, infection of fallopian tubes, infection of the uterus lining. Severe infection can spread into the ovaries and may produce pus in the fallopian tubes. In the United States, pelvic inflammation is a crucial cause of infertility where one in every eight women who have the disease have challenges in getting pregnant. Also, the disease is recurrent as a third of women who suffer from the illnesses end up developing the infection again. The illness affects mostly sexually active women and rarely affects girls before their initial menstrual period. The risk factors are increased by the younger persons who are sexually active, unprotected sex, those with many partners. Those with sexually transmitted diseases and people from lower socioeconomic status have little cause in healthcare (Greydanus, 2019).Causes of pelvic inflammation are a result of bacteria in the vagina. These bacteria are spread during sexual intercourse with a partner suffering from sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, chlamydial infection, and mycoplasma genitalium. The bacteria usually spread from the vagina to the cervix hence causing an infection known as cervicitis. The inflammation is diagnosed through evaluation from the doctor, pregnancy test, testing samples taken from the cervix, and also use of laparoscopy or ultrasonography. The disease is prevented by encouraging sexual intercourse with one partner and using protected sex such as through the use of condoms. The treatment of this inflammation is through antibiotics and where disease draining of the abscess. The doctor and nurses can advise for hospitalization where an abscess is suspected, for cases of pregnant women, when the infection fails to lessen within 72 hours, and where an individual has severe symptoms such as high fever (Greydanus, 2019).Infection Reproductive tract infections (RTIs) emerge as endemic in developing nations and overburdens women on health matters. When not treated early these infections can be critical such as leading to infertility among women, vulnerability to HIV/AIDs, and an increase of ectopic pregnancy. The RTI comes with three major infections that affect the reproductive tract including endogenous infections, iatrogenic infections, and sexually transmitted infections. The infections come with genital pain, itching, abnormal vaginal discharge, irregular menstrual cycle, burning feeling when urinating, and blood-stained discharge. RTIs affect the reproductive organs and the outer genitals. The RTI can be prevented by reducing exposure such as delaying sexual engagement during adolescents, reducing sexual partners, and using protected sex (Rabiu, 2010). Prevention of RTIs includes early recognition and effective treatment immediately they occur. Women should have appropriate health information about their reproductive system in order to develop feasible preventive measures. Medications such as antibiotics can also be used in severe cases where infections such as sexually transmitted can be treated. However, the doctor and the nursing officer should be responsible and recommend the medications and the way forward in order to have the infections fully treated (Rabiu, 2010).Breast inflammation, abnormalities, engorgement, and cancerBreast inflammation brings critical challenges such as breast cancer, engorgement, and breast abnormalities. Breast cancer takes place when the cancer cells block the lymphatic vessels that cover the breasts. This causes some red and swollen features on the breast. The cancer is caused by abnormal growth of breast cells and continues to accumulate hence forming mass or lump. Cancer can be prevented through screening and early detection, becoming familiar with one’s breast, taking alcohol only in moderation, and exercising. Medications and preventive surgery will be helpful in treating those severely affected (Kori, 2018).Breast engorgement is the swelling occurring in the breasts that beings about tender and painful breasts. The illness is caused by high milk supply, blood flow and takes place in the initial days of childbirth. Those who fail to breastfeed may still suffer from breast engorgement. The illness can be prevented through regular feeding or pumping of breast milk, using icepacks to reduce the supply of milk, removing little amounts of brat milk to relieve the pressure, and weaning slowly (Kori, 2018).Breast disorders include those associated with swelling and pain. Some are caused by hormonal imbalances while others are caused by issues related to pregnancy and childbirth and sexual activities. Some of the gynecomastia, cysts, fibroadenomas, fat necrosis, sclerosis adenosis, breast tenderness, hard lump, and uneven breast size among others. Process and the benefit of self-Breast examination (Kamal, 2009).The first step in breast examination is a visual examination of the breasts. In the examination, one should sit or stand braless and shirtless in front of a mirror with arms on the sides. The breast should be inspected facing forward and puckering, dimpling in shape and size or symmetry. Look if nipples are inverted, inspect breasts with hands pressing down on hips, and inspect the breasts when raising arms overhead and palms on the hands. Lift the breasts in inspecting the ridges’ symmetry (Kamal, 2009).Next, inspect the breasts when lying down, or in the shower. It is important to use the pads of the fingers, and apply different pressures when evaluating the tissue. Take time in several minutes to examine the breasts and follow the same pattern repeated times. The examination is good as it helps women control their health, is noninvasive and simple, provides women with information on health, and helps in detecting and treating cancer early hence better treatment options. Health Science Science Nursing NURSING 305
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