Brief description of what each practice tool is for. PRACTIC
Brief description of what each practice tool is for. PRACTICE TOOL… Brief description of what each practice tool is for. PRACTICE TOOL #2: MEASURING THE DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH OF THE COMMUNITY USING EPIDEMIOLOGY DATANote: Fill in the white blank areas with numbers or text, as needed Characteristics as per Statistics Canada 2016 Census Data TrendCompare % in neighbourhood to % in City. Is the neighbourhood higher or lowerthan the city? Implications to CommunityNeighbourhood (Census tract /or postal code) CityTotal # # % Total # # %A. Population and Dwelling Counts Population change 2011-2016 (%) B. Age Total age of a population by age groups (select relevantage groups) Selected age groups relevant to your client population C. Family Total number of census families in private households – 100% data i. Married couples ii. Common-law couples- Total lone-parent families by sex of parent i. Female parents ii. Male parents D. Household characteristics Private households by tenure i. Owner ii. Renter E. Detailed language spoken most often at home Total population excluding institutional residents i. Non-official languages ii. 5 top Selected non-Aboriginal Languages for Neighbourhood and for City F. Income of households in 2015 Median total income of households in 2015 ($) $ $ G. Immigrants by selected place of birth Total-Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households i) Top 5 H. Recent immigrants by selected places of birth Total – Selected places of birth for the recentimmigrant population in private households i) Top 5 I. Aboriginal population Total – Aboriginal identity for the population inprivate households i) Aboriginal identity J. Highest certificate, diploma or degree Total – Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in privatehouseholds i) No certificate, diploma or degree ii) Secondary (high) school diploma orequivalency certificate iii) Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree K. Labour force status Total – Population aged 15 years and over by Labourforce status i) Participation rate ii) Employment rate iii) Unemployment rate 2017- 2018 Health Characteristics Data Trend Health Region/Public Health Unit Province A. Well-being (%) B. Health Conditions (Select relevant characteristic) (%) or per 100,000 population) C. Health Behaviours (Select relevant characteristic) (%) Other Relevant Data Sources Information Gathered Community Placement InformationAnnual Reports School Achievement ScoresEQAO (School Websites) PRACTICE TOOL #1: COMMUNITY/POPULATION AS CLIENT COMMUNITY ASSESSMENTWindshield Survey, Proposed Focus Groups, Surveys, Key and Informant InterviewsWindshield Survey (Neighbourhood surrounding Hamilton placement) Information gatheredCommunity Core 1. Geographic Boundary: what is the neighbourhood area? (e.g. Census tract ofplacement), what city is the placement located? – use the same area for community statistics to compare neighbourhood with city) 2. History: what can you glean by looking (e.g. old, established neighbourhood, newsubdivision), learn about the history of the community 3. Demographics: what sorts of people do you see? Young? Old? Homeless? Alone,families 4. Ethnicity: Do you note indicators of different ethnic groups e.g. Restaurants, festivals? What signs do you see of different cultural groups? 5. Values and beliefs: Are there churches, mosques, temples? Are there signs of diversity? Are the lawns cared for? With flowers, gardens, signs of art? Culture, heritage? Historical markers? Subsystems Physical Environment: how does the community look? What do you note about air quality, flora, housing, space, green areas, animals, people, natural beauty, water, climate? physical environment of the community and the community setting, housing type – rented & owned, sanitation, condition of building, accessibility 2. Health and Social Services: Health services like hospitals, physician offices, dentists, public health, and home health agencies. Social services like social assistance, food banks, childcare, shelters. 3. Economy: Is it thriving community? Are there industries, stores, places for employment? Where do the people shop? Are there signs that people can find employment? Are there signs of thrift stores, pawn shops and other services? for people with money issues? How active are the food banks? 4. Transportation and Safety: How do people get around? What types of private and public transportation is available? Do you see buses, bicycles, taxis? Are there sidewalks, bike trails? Is getting around in the community possible for people with disabilities? What types of protective services are there? E.g. fire, police, what types of crimes are committed? Do people feel safe? Are the roads safe? What is the traffic like? 5. Politics and Government: Are there signs of political activity? E.g. posters, meetings? What party affiliation predominates? What is the government jurisdiction of the community? Are people involved in the decision making in their local government unit? 6. Communication: Are there common areas where people gather? What newspapers do you see in the stands? Do people have TVs, cell phones etc.? What do they listen to? What are formal and informal means of communication? 7. Education: Are there schools, university, technical institutions, art education in the area? How do you they look? Are the libraries? Is there a local school board? Are there adult education and ESL programs available? 8. Recreation: where do children play? What are the major forms of recreation? Who participates? What faculties for recreation do you see? Are they in good order? or disrepair? What about performing arts and social and other leisure activities? Museums, zoos, sports teams? Perceptions from any on-line sourcesResidents: how do people feel about the community? What do they identify as its strengths? Problems? Ask people from different groups? (old, young, service workers, professional, clergy, parents Your perceptions: General statements about the “health” of this community. What are its strengths? What community or population-level problems or potential problems can you identify? Who are the gatekeepers to the community and/or population of interest? Who are the champions that might support your work? Who in the community might partner in the process? Where will there be resistance? Health ScienceScienceNursingNURS 404Share
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