Assessment and Management of Patients With Vascular Disorder

Assessment and Management of Patients With Vascular Disorders and… Assessment and Management of Patients With Vascular Disorders and Problems of Peripheral CirculationMatthew Helm is 67 years of age and is male patient who is admitted with the diagnosis of peripheral arterial occlusive disease in the right femoral and popliteal arteries. The patient undergoes a right femoral-to-popliteal graft operation. Preoperatively the patient presented with the following assessment: the right leg skin is taut and shiny and very little hair is present and the toenails are thick and opaque. The leg has pallor when lying on the bed flat, but when the patient places the leg over the side of the bed it has rubor and the toes are bluish in coloration. The patient states the pain in his leg as a constant excruciating pain that he rates as an 8 on the pain scale. There are no pedal or posterior tibial pulses detectable with Doppler in the right leg and the popliteal artery is diminished and the femoral pulse is also diminished. The left leg is also shiny, taut and has very little hair present and the nails are thick and opaque. The patient develops rubor when the leg is held over the side of the bed. The pulses are palpable and slightly diminished at all sites in the left leg. The patient has smoked one pack of cigarettes per day for 50 years. He presents with the following vital signs: BP 160/110, P 88, R 22, and T 98°F. He does not take any medications currently. The patient returns to the unit after the right femoral-to-popliteal graft operation. What nursing care should the nurse provide?The surgeon postoperatively ordered ramipril (Altace) 2.5 mg bid, aspirin 160 mg every day, and rosuvastatin calcium (Crestor) 5 mg once daily. What is the rationale for each of the medications ordered in relation to the patient’s diagnosis and treatment plan?What patient education should the nurse provide?Health Science Science Nursing NUR MISC

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