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Module 5 Assignment Requirements
You will use RapidMiner to build a text analysis model, and then interpret the results. Complete the
following steps:
1) If you have not already installed the RapidMiner software, please do so now.
2) You may use the attached text file containing the text of each of President Barack Obama’s state
of the union addresses, or you may compile your text file(s) to use for this assignment. The
Obama text file has all eight of the president’s speeches, with separators indicating where one
speech ends and the next begins. You may choose to analyze these speeches as a single
document, or as multiple documents. To analyze as multiple documents, you should create
separate text files for each speech (name them each something slightly different, e.g. SoU2008,
SoU2009, etc.). If you choose to analyze some other document or set of documents (e.g. articles
about sports, articles about politics, academic term papers, essays on a certain topic, etc.), the
total word count for the text you choose must be more than 10,000 words.
3) Add Read Document and Process Document operators to your main process window. Connect
the Read Document operator to your text file. If you have multiple text files, add as many Read
Document operators as you need and connect each one of them to a text file. Connect all of
your Read Document operators to doc ports on the Process Document operator.
4) Double click on the Process Document operator to enter the sub-process. Tokenize your
document(s). Use operators such as Filter Stopwords, Filter Tokens, Transform Case, Stemming,
and n-Grams to process your documents. Be sure to connect your posts all the way through the
sub-process, and connect the wor port to the res port on the main process window. View the
output in Results view.
5) In a Word document, include screenshots of your main process and sub-process in RapidMiner.
Show a screenshot of the word list generated by your document analysis. In 2-3 paragraphs,
highlight and discuss interesting words or n-grams that you generated. Discuss why these are
interesting, highlighting word/term frequency and document frequency if applicable.
Submit your Word document to Moodle by the due date.
**********2009 Inaugural Address**************
My fellow citizens: I stand here today humbled by the task before us,
grateful for the trust you’ve bestowed, mindful of the sacrifices borne by
our ancestors.
I thank President Bush for his service to our nation — (applause) — as well
as the generosity and cooperation he has shown throughout this transition.
Forty-four Americans have now taken the presidential oath. The words have
been spoken during rising tides of prosperity and the still waters of peace.
Yet, every so often, the oath is taken amidst gathering clouds and raging
storms. At these moments, America has carried on not simply because of the
skill or vision of those in high office, but because we, the people, have
remained faithful to the ideals of our forebears and true to our founding
So it has been; so it must be with this generation of Americans.
That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood. Our nation is at
war against a far-reaching network of violence and hatred. Our economy is
badly weakened, a consequence of greed and irresponsibility on the part of
some, but also our collective failure to make hard choices and prepare the
nation for a new age. Homes have been lost, jobs shed, businesses shuttered.
Our health care is too costly, our schools fail too many — and each day
brings further evidence that the ways we use energy strengthen our
adversaries and threaten our planet.
These are the indicators of crisis, subject to data and statistics. Less
measurable, but no less profound, is a sapping of confidence across our land;
a nagging fear that America’s decline is inevitable, that the next generation
must lower its sights.
Today I say to you that the challenges we face are real. They are serious
and they are many. They will not be met easily or in a short span of time.
But know this America: They will be met. (Applause.)
On this day, we gather because we have chosen hope over fear, unity of
purpose over conflict and discord. On this day, we come to proclaim an end
to the petty grievances and false promises, the recriminations and worn-out
dogmas that for far too long have strangled our politics. We remain a young
nation. But in the words of Scripture, the time has come to set aside
childish things. The time has come to reaffirm our enduring spirit; to
choose our better history; to carry forward that precious gift, that noble
idea passed on from generation to generation: the God-given promise that all
are equal, all are free, and all deserve a chance to pursue their full
measure of happiness. (Applause.)
In reaffirming the greatness of our nation we understand that greatness is
never a given. It must be earned. Our journey has never been one of shortcuts or settling for less. It has not been the path for the faint-hearted,
for those that prefer leisure over work, or seek only the pleasures of riches
and fame. Rather, it has been the risk-takers, the doers, the makers of
things — some celebrated, but more often men and women obscure in their
labor — who have carried us up the long rugged path towards prosperity and
For us, they packed up their few worldly possessions and traveled across
oceans in search of a new life. For us, they toiled in sweatshops, and
settled the West, endured the lash of the whip, and plowed the hard earth.
For us, they fought and died in places like Concord and Gettysburg, Normandy
and Khe Sahn.
Time and again these men and women struggled and sacrificed and worked till
their hands were raw so that we might live a better life. They saw America
as bigger than the sum of our individual ambitions, greater than all the
differences of birth or wealth or faction.
This is the journey we continue today. We remain the most prosperous,
powerful nation on Earth. Our workers are no less productive than when this
crisis began. Our minds are no less inventive, our goods and services no
less needed than they were last week, or last month, or last year. Our
capacity remains undiminished. But our time of standing pat, of protecting
narrow interests and putting off unpleasant decisions — that time has surely
passed. Starting today, we must pick ourselves up, dust ourselves off, and
begin again the work of remaking America. (Applause.)
For everywhere we look, there is work to be done. The state of our economy
calls for action, bold and swift. And we will act, not only to create new
jobs, but to lay a new foundation for growth. We will build the roads and
bridges, the electric grids and digital lines that feed our commerce and bind
us together. We’ll restore science to its rightful place, and wield
technology’s wonders to raise health care’s quality and lower its cost. We
will harness the sun and the winds and the soil to fuel our cars and run our
factories. And we will transform our schools and colleges and universities
to meet the demands of a new age. All this we can do. All this we will do.
Now, there are some who question the scale of our ambitions, who suggest that
our system cannot tolerate too many big plans. Their memories are short, for
they have forgotten what this country has already done, what free men and
women can achieve when imagination is joined to common purpose, and necessity
to courage. What the cynics fail to understand is that the ground has
shifted beneath them, that the stale political arguments that have consumed
us for so long no longer apply.
The question we ask today is not whether our government is too big or too
small, but whether it works — whether it helps families find jobs at a
decent wage, care they can afford, a retirement that is dignified. Where the
answer is yes, we intend to move forward. Where the answer is no, programs
will end. And those of us who manage the public’s dollars will be held to
account, to spend wisely, reform bad habits, and do our business in the light
of day, because only then can we restore the vital trust between a people and
their government.
Nor is the question before us whether the market is a force for good or ill.
Its power to generate wealth and expand freedom is unmatched. But this
crisis has reminded us that without a watchful eye, the market can spin out
of control. The nation cannot prosper long when it favors only the
prosperous. The success of our economy has always depended not just on the
size of our gross domestic product, but on the reach of our prosperity, on
the ability to extend opportunity to every willing heart — not out of
charity, but because it is the surest route to our common good. (Applause.)
As for our common defense, we reject as false the choice between our safety
and our ideals. Our Founding Fathers — (applause) — our Founding Fathers,
faced with perils that we can scarcely imagine, drafted a charter to assure
the rule of law and the rights of man — a charter expanded by the blood of
generations. Those ideals still light the world, and we will not give them
up for expedience sake. (Applause.)
And so, to all the other peoples and governments who are watching today, from
the grandest capitals to the small village where my father was born, know
that America is a friend of each nation, and every man, woman and child who
seeks a future of peace and dignity. And we are ready to lead once more.
Recall that earlier generations faced down fascism and communism not just
with missiles and tanks, but with the sturdy alliances and enduring
convictions. They understood that our power alone cannot protect us, nor
does it entitle us to do as we please. Instead they knew that our power
grows through its prudent use; our security emanates from the justness of our
cause, the force of our example, the tempering qualities of humility and
We are the keepers of this legacy. Guided by these principles once more we
can meet those new threats that demand even greater effort, even greater
cooperation and understanding between nations. We will begin to responsibly
leave Iraq to its people and forge a hard-earned peace in Afghanistan. With
old friends and former foes, we’ll work tirelessly to lessen the nuclear
threat, and roll back the specter of a warming planet.
We will not apologize for our way of life, nor will we waver in its defense.
And for those who seek to advance their aims by inducing terror and
slaughtering innocents, we say to you now that our spirit is stronger and
cannot be broken — you cannot outlast us, and we will defeat you.
For we know that our patchwork heritage is a strength, not a weakness. We
are a nation of Christians and Muslims, Jews and Hindus, and non-believers.
We are shaped by every language and culture, drawn from every end of this
Earth; and because we have tasted the bitter swill of civil war and
segregation, and emerged from that dark chapter stronger and more united, we
cannot help but believe that the old hatreds shall someday pass; that the
lines of tribe shall soon dissolve; that as the world grows smaller, our
common humanity shall reveal itself; and that America must play its role in
ushering in a new era of peace.
To the Muslim world, we seek a new way forward, based on mutual interest and
mutual respect. To those leaders around the globe who seek to sow conflict,
or blame their society’s ills on the West, know that your people will judge
you on what you can build, not what you destroy. (Applause.)
To those who cling to power through corruption and deceit and the silencing
of dissent, know that you are on the wrong side of history, but that we will
extend a hand if you are willing to unclench your fist. (Applause.)
To the people of poor nations, we pledge to work alongside you to make your
farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed
hungry minds. And to those nations like ours that enjoy relative plenty, we
say we can no longer afford indifference to the suffering outside our
borders, nor can we consume the world’s resources without regard to effect.
For the world has changed, and we must change with it.
As we consider the role that unfolds before
gratitude those brave Americans who at this
and distant mountains. They have something
heroes who lie in Arlington whisper through
us, we remember with humble
very hour patrol far-off deserts
to tell us, just as the fallen
the ages.
We honor them not only because they are the guardians of our liberty, but
because they embody the spirit of service — a willingness to find meaning in
something greater than themselves.
And yet at this moment, a moment that will define a generation, it is
precisely this spirit that must inhabit us all. For as much as government
can do, and must do, it is ultimately the faith and determination of the
American people upon which this nation relies. It is the kindness to take in
a stranger when the levees break, the selflessness of workers who would
rather cut their hours than see a friend lose their job which sees us through
our darkest hours. It is the firefighter’s courage to storm a stairway
filled with smoke, but also a parent’s willingness to nurture a child that
finally decides our fate.
Our challenges may be new. The instruments with which we meet them may be
new. But those values upon which our success depends — honesty and hard
work, courage and fair play, tolerance and curiosity, loyalty and patriotism
— these things are old. These things are true. They have been the quiet
force of progress throughout our history.
What is demanded, then, is a return to these truths. What is required of us
now is a new era of responsibility — a recognition on the part of every
American that we have duties to ourselves, our nation and the world; duties
that we do not grudgingly accept, but rather seize gladly, firm in the
knowledge that there is nothing so satisfying to the spirit, so defining of
our character than giving our all to a difficult task.
This is the price and the promise of citizenship. This is the source of our
confidence — the knowledge that God calls on us to shape an uncertain
destiny. This is the meaning of our liberty and our creed, why men and women
and children of every race and every faith can join in celebration across
this magnificent mall; and why a man whose father less than 60 years ago
might not have been served in a local restaurant can now stand before you to
take a most sacred oath. (Applause.)
So let us mark this day with remembrance of who we are and how far we have
traveled. In the year of America’s birth, in the coldest of months, a small
band of patriots huddled by dying campfires on the shores of an icy river.
The capital was abandoned. The enemy was advancing. The snow was stained
with blood. At the moment when the outcome of our revolution was most in
doubt, the father of our nation ordered these words to be read to the people:
“Let it be told to the future world…that in the depth of winter, when
nothing but hope and virtue could survive… that the city and the country,
alarmed at one common danger, came forth to meet [it].”
America: In the face of our common dangers, in this winter of our hardship,
let us remember these timeless words. With hope and virtue, let us brave
once more the icy currents, and endure what storms may come. Let it be said
by our children’s children that when we were tested we refused to let this
journey end, that we did not turn back nor did we falter; and with eyes fixed
on the horizon and God’s grace upon us, we carried forth that great gift of
freedom and delivered it safely to future generations.
Thank you. God bless you.
And God bless the United States of America.
**********2010 State of the Union Address**************
Madam Speaker, Vice President Biden, members of Congress, distinguished
guests, and fellow Americans, our Constitution declares that from time to
time the president shall give to Congress information about the state of our
union. For 220 years, our leaders have fulfilled this duty. They’ve done so
during periods of prosperity and tranquility, and they’ve done so in the
midst of war and depression, at moments of great strife and great struggle.
It’s tempting to look back on these moments and assume that our progress was
inevitable, that America was always destined to succeed.
But when the Union was turned back at Bull Run and the Allies first landed at
Omaha Beach, victory was very much in doubt. When the market crashed on Black
Tuesday and civil rights marchers were beaten on Bloody Sunday, the future
was anything but certain.
These were the times that tested the courage of our convictions and the
strength of our union. And despite all our divisions and disagreements, our
hesitations and our fears, America prevailed because we chose to move forward
as one nation, as one people.
Again, we are tested. And again, we must answer history’s call.
One year ago, I took office amid two wars, an economy rocked by a severe
recession, a financial system on the verge of collapse, and a government
deeply in debt. Experts from across the political spectrum warned that if we
did not act, we might face a second depression.
Video: Reactions to Obama’s speech Video: GOP reacts to the SOTU Video:
Weighing in on Obama
Barack Obama
U.S. Congress
So we acted, immediately and aggressively. And one year later, the worst of
the storm has passed.
But the devastation remains: One in 10 Americans still can’t find work. Many
businesses have shuttered. Home values have declined. Small towns and rural
communities have been hit especially hard. And for those who’d already known
poverty, life has become that much harder.
This recession has also compounded the burdens that America’s families have
been dealing with for decades, the burden of working harder and longer for
less, of being unable to save enough to retire or help kids with college.
So I know the anxieties that are out there right now. They’re not new. These
struggles are the reason I ran for president. These struggles are what I’ve
witnessed for years in places like Elkhart, Indiana, Galesburg, Illinois.
I hear about them in the letters that I read each night. The toughest to read
are those written by children, asking why they have to move from their home,
asking when their mom or dad will be able to go back to work.
For these Americans and so many others, change has not come fast enough. Some
are frustrated; some are angry. They don’t understand why it seems like bad
behavior on Wall Street is rewarded, but hard work on Main Street isn’t, or
why Washington has been unable or unwilling to solve any of our problems.
They’re tired of the partisanship and the shouting and the pettiness. They
know we can’t afford it, not now.
So we face big and difficult challenges. And what the American people hope -what they deserve — is for all of us, Democrats and Republicans, to work
through our differences, to overcome the numbing weight of our politics, for
while the people who sent us here have different backgrounds, different
stories, different beliefs, the anxieties they face are the same, the
aspirations they hold are shared: a job that pays the bills, a chance to get
ahead, most of all, the ability to give their children a better life.
You know what else they share? They share a stubborn resilience in the face
of adversity. After one of the most difficult years in our history, they
remain busy building cars and teaching kids, starting businesses and going
back to school. They’re coaching Little League and helping their neighbors.
One woman wrote to me and said, “We are strained but hopeful, struggling but
It’s because of this spirit — this great decency and great strength — that
I have never been more hopeful about America’s future than I am tonight.
Despite — despite our hardship …
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