Answer & Explanation:Application: Short-and-Long Term Impacts of Crime
Scientists have attempted to
determine how a victim’s background and characteristics impact the effects of
victimization. A recent study of the psychological impact of robbery looked
closely at how victim characteristics, including demographic factors, are
related to trauma, or Acute Stress Disorder (ASD). The study looked at several
criteria of ASD, including anxiety, depression, feelings of insecurity, and
other psychological reactions. This study noted that previous research had
found inconclusive results regarding the correlation between age and adverse
psychological symptoms. Findings of gender differences also were inconsistent,
although some research found females more vulnerable to adverse symptoms
(Elklit, 2002).
Elklit’s study of robbery victims
found a correlation between age and the degree of trauma following the robbery:
the older the individual, the greater the likelihood of trauma. Similarly,
there were gender differences; women showed more intrusive symptoms. Elklit
also found that level of education was related to outcomes; the higher the
level of education, the lower the occurrence of psychological symptoms. This
finding corroborated the findings in previous studies cited in the literature
review (Elklit, 2002).  
For this Assignment, review the two
clips in this week’s Interactive Community. Consider the short- and long-term
effects of the crime on each of the victims. Think about how these effects may
vary according to age, race, gender, education, and occupation.
The Assignment (2–3 pages):

Visit the “TRANSCRIPT” below
Explain three effects that each victim may experience (one
psychological, one social, and one emotional).
Explain to what extent each effect might be short-term or
Explain how the demographics of each victim might influence the
short- and long-term effects.


Davis, R. C., Lurigio, A. J.,
& Herman, S. (Eds.). (2013). Victims of crime (4th ed.).
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Chapter 4,
“Developmental Victimology: The Comprehensive Study of Childhood
Chapter 18, “The
Mental Health and Behavioral Consequences of Terrorism”

Kunst, M., Bogaerts, S.,
Wilthagen, T., & Winkel, F. (2010). Income attainment among victims of
violence: Results from a preliminary study. Social Indicators
Research, 95(1), 169–180.

Winkel, F. W., Blaauw, E.,
Sheridan, L., & Baldry, A. C. (2003). Repeat criminal victimization
and vulnerability for coping failure: A prospective examination of a
potential risk factor. Psychology, Crime, and Law, 9(1), 87–95.

Laureate Education, Inc.
(Executive Producer). (2012). Effects on victimization. Baltimore, MD: Author.


“Effects of Victimization” Multimedia Program Transcript
“Look out!
There’s a reckless driver in City Center, and he has already caused two
hit-and-run accidents just this morning! 
Channel 4 News reporter Jill Joseph is on the case, and she just
interviewed each hit-and-run victim. Watch the interview footage and see how
the same crime is having two very different effects on the people who are
Ron’s Case  REPORTER (OFF CAMERA): “Can you tell us
what happened?” 
RON: “Sure. I was
on my way to meet a client and BOOM! 
This pickup truck just came out of nowhere, blew right through a red
light and almost hit me dead on. I just happened to swerve out of his way at
the last second.  He still hits me, and
smashes up my entire driver’s side, my airbags go off, I can’t even see what’s
happening.  It was pretty scary.  I wound up hitting the curb, and I guess he
just kept on going on like nothing happened.” 
you feel like the police were responsive to this incident?” 
RON: “Oh yeah,
the police were there pretty much right after it happened.  They don’t like the idea of some crazy
hit-and-run, especially in the middle of the day when there could be kids
around.  I know they do have speed
cameras at some of these intersections, so maybe they can check those photos
and find out that guy’s license plate. 
Because if they can, then maybe his insurance would have to pay for all
this instead of mine.  I mean, I don’t
see why my company should have to pay a higher premium next year just because
some idiot hit me, you know?” 
did your insurance company tell you when you told them you’d been in a
RON: “They were
great. They told me not to worry about it. 
I’m insured through my job, so they pay full coverage, full collision,
full everything.  No deductible.  Although, really, the guy who hit me should
be paying for all this, right? But who knows where he is? Probably out there,
smashing into someone else.” 
what happens to your car now?” 
RON: “Beats me.
Either it’s totaled or it’s not. My company has a contract that guarantees me a
new car every two years anyway, but it looks like maybe I might be getting my
next car a little ahead of schedule. Though, right now, I’m just waiting on my
rental. My insurance covers that, too. 
Full rental coverage, every day, until I get my old car back – or ‘til I
get a new one.  Plus, I’m a preferred
member, so they’ll actually bring the car out to me here. Hope whoever’s
driving it right now is extra careful out there.” 
Lisa’s Case  REPORTER (OFF CAMERA): “Can you tell us
what happened?” 
LISA: “I was
leaving the daycare center, where I drop my kids off in the morning before I go
to work – I do housekeeping at one of the hotels downtown – and I guess this
pickup truck just didn’t see me, because I pull out of the parking lot and he’s
just speeding right through the turning lane and POW! He spins my whole car
around and he just keeps right on going. I don’t know if he was scared or what,
but he never stopped. I was scared too! Now my car won’t start, so I had to pay
to have it towed here.” 
the police involved at this point?” 
LISA: “Not
really. An officer did finally come out to the scene, but he said there really
wasn’t anything he could do. He told me I could fill out a report, but he said
so many cars get hit or stolen in that neighborhood, he said that finding this
guy would be like trying to find a needle in a haystack. So, I guess I’m on my

did your insurance company tell you when you told them you’d been in a
LISA: “Oh, my
insurance won’t pay for something like this. I can’t afford a fancy policy, so
this is all coming out of my pocket… and I have no idea where I’m going to find
this kind of money. I’m already in trouble at work as it is because of this. I
called my boss and told him what happened, and he told me I could use a sick
day today to get my car sorted out.  But
then he called me back and said he checked my paperwork, and I only have a half
day of sick day left for the year.  So if
I don’t get to work right after lunch, I’ll lose a whole day’s pay.  But I have to take at least two buses to get
back downtown from here, so I don’t know what I’m gonna do.” 
what happens to your car now?” 
LISA: “You really
want to know?  I kind of hope they can’t
fix it.  Because if they tell me they
could fix it, I’ll have to pay almost all of it myself.  But if they tell me it’s totaled, then my
insurance will pay me for whatever my car’s worth right now.  And it won’t be much, but at least I could
use that money to buy another used car. 
Otherwise, I’m going to have to pay to fix a car that probably isn’t
even worth repairing, all because some guy decided to hit me and just keep
Two or three pages with
at least three references….It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the
assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT
presenting an explanation from the readings.
To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for
this assignments 1) look at the page limits 2) review and follow APA rules
3) create SUBHEADINGS to identify the key sections you are presenting and
4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.

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