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mgf2106_fa2016_newprobabilityproject_va.pdf

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MGF2106 (Survey of Mathematics) Project 4: Probability

Purpose: Work individually or as a group to solve problems and answer questions related to

theoretical and experimental probability. In this project you will be asked to work on probability

within the context of games.

Instructions: Complete the project, compiling the various parts into a single document which

is submitted to the Assignments link in Falcon Online. The Discussion Board in Falcon Online

may be used to find classmates for working as a group. Even if you work as a group, each

student must submit an individual project to the Assignments link in Falcon Online by the

posted due date.

Format for Project Document Submitted to the Assignments Link:

1. The submission must be a single document formatted as .docx, .doc, .rtf, or .pdf.

2. The submission must be typed. Please check with your instructor if you have

questions about the format of the document.

3. Put your name on the document. If you worked in a group, also list the names of

the other students in the group.

4. Do not type the questions into your project. Just give the answers. Answers

obtained with calculations should include the basic process (work) used to obtain the

answer.

5. Follow the numbering system used in the project when typing your answers.

Part 1: Number Games

Visit www.flalottery.com and answer the following questions about the lottery games. Clearly

explain how each of the following probabilities is computed. Click on the game you are working

with, then click on “How to Play and How to Win” to find information on the probability of

winning (the JACKPOT) and the values needed to calculate the probability.

1.

a. What is the probability of winning the jackpot in Fantasy 5? Express the answer as a

fraction.

b. Clearly explain how this probability is calculated.

2.

a. What is the probability of winning the jackpot in Powerball? Express the answer as a

fraction.

b. Clearly explain how this probability is calculated.

3. If a lottery game was based on choosing 6 numbers from the numbers 1 to 48, what is the

probability of choosing the numbers for the winning jackpot? Express the answer as a fraction.

4. If a lottery game was based on choosing 4 numbers from the numbers 1 to 50 with another

number chosen from the numbers 1 to 24, what is the probability of choosing the numbers for

the winning jackpot? Express the answer as a fraction.

MGF2106 Probability Project 4A

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Part 2: Probability with a Die

The theoretical probability can be used to predict the likelihood of an event. If a single, 6-sided

die is rolled, there are six possible outcomes, as shown in the picture below.

5. If a single die is rolled, what is the theoretical probability that the die would show a 1?

Express the answer as a reduced fraction and a decimal rounded to 3 decimal places.

6. An experiment is conducted where 15 rolls are performed. The outcome is shown in the

picture below. What is the experimental probability of rolling a 1? Express the answer as a

reduced fraction and a decimal rounded to 3 decimal places.

7. An experiment is conducted where 45 rolls are performed. The outcome is shown in the

picture below. What is the experimental probability of rolling a 1? Express the answer as a

reduced fraction and a decimal rounded to 3 decimal places.

8. How do the experimental probabilities found in #6 and #7 compare to the theoretical

probability found in #5?

9. How do the experimental probabilities found in #6 and #7 compare to each other? Which

one is closer to the theoretical probability?

Part 3: Probability with a Spinner

Use this link to access a Spinner: http://www.mathsisfun.com/data/spinner.php

Set the “Presets” to abcde.

Set the “Regions” to 9.

Set the “Spins” to 40.

Click on “Spin” and the results will be given in a table below the spinner.

MGF2106 Probability Project 4A

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10. Type a table with the results.

Outcome

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

i

Number of Spins

11. What is the theoretical probability that the spinner will land on “f”? Express the answer as

a reduced fraction and a decimal rounded to 3 decimal places.

12. What is the experimental probability that the spinner will land on “f”? Express the answer

as a reduced fraction and a decimal rounded to 3 decimal places.

13. Compare the results of #11 and #12.

Part 4: Impact Question

14. Provide an example, or examples, of how probability could be applied in life or future

career choices other than games. Use at least 3-4 sentences to completely explain the

example. Feel free to use the internet to find an example.

References:

www.flalottery.com

http://www.dicesimulator.com/

https://www.random.org/

http://www.mathsisfun.com/data/spinner.php

MGF2106 Probability Project 4A

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