Answer & Explanation:Education question


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I need 300-350 word response with 2-3 references. For each question
Multimedia: Social and Academic
Watch “Social and Academic Language.”
This overview of the different types of language proficiency explains how BICS and
CALP are important concepts for teachers of language learners.

Define BICS and CALP in your own words for parents and students.
Why would it be important for all stakeholders to understand the difference?
MaryEllen Vogt, Ed.D.: James Cummins, a well-known researcher in the ESL bilingual field, some years
ago discussed different types of language proficiency that we as second or multiple language learners
need to learn. The first type is called basic interpersonal communicative skills, or BICS, and thankfully
Cummins now refers to this as social language. This is the conversational language that we all engage in
at home, with our friends. It enables us to be able to order from a restaurant, be able to take a bus, be
able to make change, basically get around town and do pretty well, as well as converse on a very casual
level with our friends. Most researchers agree that conversational language, or BICS, can be acquired in
as little as a few months, for some people a few weeks, up to 1 to 2 years. However, there’s a whole
deeper layer of language that youngsters must develop in order to be successful in school, and Cummins
refers to this as CALP, cognitive academic language proficiency. Now CALP is often referred to today as
academic language, and often this language is buried deep beneath the surface, and it can take
anywhere from 5 to 7 years before youngsters really develop the level of language proficiency that
would enable them to be successful in various academic subject areas.

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